An alloy is a combination of metals or a metal with one or more non-metal elements. They are created and used because they offer enhanced mechanical or chemical properties in comparison to the individual components. For example, alloying elements are added to a base metal to improve or amplify characteristics such as strength, hardness, electrical conductivity, corrosion resistance, machinability and more.
Thousands of alloy compositions are regularly produced and are in use around the world, with new compositions developed continually to meet the needs of particular applications. To creators and manufacturers, alloys present new aesthetic, functional and even cost-effective possibilities.