Nanotechnology is regarded as one of the 21st century’s key technologies. Its economic relevance has become widely recognized across industries including architecture and design. Nanomaterials are chemical substances or materials that are manufactured and used at a very small scale. They exhibit unique and special characteristics compared to the same material without nanoscale features.
Common applications for these properties include surface coatings, where they are added to create functional characteristics such as increased tensile strength, self-cleaning capacity, or fire resistance. Additives based on nanomaterials help make everyday materials lighter, more permeable and more resistant to wear. Nanomaterials are not only extremely useful for structural areas such as roofs and facades, but they increase design possibilities for interior rooms and spaces with materials that are stronger and durable, allowing for reduced resource use and easier maintenance. Nano–insulating materials are often a focus for the development of new possibilities for ecologically-oriented design.