Nylon 6 is the most common commercial grade of nylon. It is a polymer developed by Paul Schlack at IG Farben to reproduce the properties of nylon 6/6 without violating the patent on its production. It was given the trademark Perlon® in 1952. It has an improved surface appearance and it is better processed compared to nylon 6/6. It is tough, and possesses high tensile strength. Nylon 6 is a versatile synthetic material that can be formed into fibers, sheets, filaments or bristles. Using an extrusion process, thinner sheets and smaller diameters are produced. On the other hand, casting process produces larger diameter and thicker sheets. Its superior adhesion to rubber makes it an ideal medium for producing tire cord fabric, the reinforcing medium for bus and truck tires. Nylon 6 is also used in the textile industry to produce non-woven fabrics. Fabric made from nylon 6 is light-weight yet strong and durable. It is easily dyed in brighter and deeper shades than other fabrics allow, producing colourful results. Fabrics such as chiffon and organza owe their luster and translucency to nylon 6. Nylon 6 is also used to produce a very thin, transparent plastic film for the food industry. It is a sanitary medium for clean, long-term packaging of food products. Nylon 6 plastic film is often capable of absorbing UV light, a property that is of significant benefit in the control of insect transmitted viral diseases. Other industries that use nylon 6 film for its UV absorption include the engineering, and agricultural sectors.
- Bearings for the automotive industry